The Training of a Wise and Good Person

There are three areas in which the person who would be wise and good must be trained.

The first one has to to with desires and aversions – that a person may never miss the mark in desires nor fall into what repels them. The second has to to with impulses to act and not to act deliberately for good reasons and not carelessly. The third has to do with freedom from deception and composure and the whole area of judgment, the assent our mind gives to its perceptions. Of these areas the, the chief and most urgent is the first which has to do with the passions, for strong emotions arise only when we fail in our desires and aversions

Epictetus, Discourses, 3.2.1-3a

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